The Pleiades Constellation

The Pleiades Constellation

The name Subaru is Japanese, meaning ‘unite’ - but it’s also a term for a cluster of six stars in the Taurus constellation, named 'Pleiades' by the Ancient Greeks. At the time, these stars were thought to represent the seven daughters of Greek mythological figures Atlas and Pleione.

But how can there be seven daughters and only six stars in the Pleiades constellation? Because there are in fact seven stars, but only six are obviously visible to the naked eye.

The seven daughters in the Pleiades

Alcyone - Meaning ‘queen who wards off evil’, Alcyone is the central and largest star of the Pleiades constellation. She is often seen as representing the whole cluster of stars.

Asterope - A double star in the Pleiades constellation, literally translates as ‘lightening’.

Merope - The only Pleiad to marry a mortal, her star shines less brightly than those that represent her sisters.

Maia - The eldest of the Seven Sisters, Maia was said to be the most beautiful. According to Greek myth, Maia was a lover of Zeus and gave birth to Hermes.

Taygeta - After being defiled by Zeus while unconscious, Taygeta went into hiding. For her protection, she was transformed into a doe.

Celaeno - Celaeno was married to Poseidon. Translated, her name means ‘darkness’ or ‘blackness’. Celaeno is sometimes referred to as the Lost Pleiad, as her star is sometimes difficult to see with the naked eye.

Electra - The third brightest star in the constellation, Electra means ‘amber’, ‘shining’ and ‘bright’. Electra was the wife of Corythus. She was seduced by Zeus and gave birth to Dardanus, who became the founder of Troy.